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NFT: A Complete Guide for Beginners

NFT A Complete Guide for Beginners

What is NFT? 

A non-fungible token (NFT) is a type of digital asset that represents ownership of a unique item or piece of content, such as a digital artwork, collectible, or in-game item. Unlike fungible tokens, such as cryptocurrencies, which are interchangeable and have a set value, NFTs are unique and cannot be replicated or replaced. They are typically built on blockchain technology, which allows for the creation of a tamper-proof digital record of ownership and provenance. NFTs can be bought, sold, and traded like physical assets, and their value can appreciate or depreciate based on demand. NFTs are increasingly being used in the digital art world, but have potential use cases in other industries such as gaming, virtual reality, and online collectibles.

Non-Fungible Token(NFT) Vs Fungible Token? 

NFTs (non-fungible tokens) are unique and cannot be replicated or replaced, whereas fungible tokens, such as cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ethereum, are interchangeable and have a set value. 

For example, imagine you own a painting by a famous artist. This painting is a one-of-a-kind piece and its value is determined by its rarity and uniqueness. If you were to sell this painting, the buyer would be getting that specific painting and no other. This painting would be considered as NFT.

On the other hand, a fungible token like Bitcoin is a digital currency that can be divided into smaller units and each unit of bitcoin is interchangeable with another unit of the same value. If you were to sell 1 bitcoin, the buyer would receive 1 bitcoin and it would be worth the same as any other bitcoin. You can’t say this is this specific bitcoin, it’s just 1 bitcoin.

Another example, virtual land in a virtual world can be an NFT, as each land is unique and can’t be replicated, but the in-game currency used in the virtual world can be a fungible token, you can trade it for other similar values.

How do NFTs work?

NFTs (non-fungible tokens) work by using blockchain technology to create a tamper-proof digital record of ownership and provenance. A blockchain is a digital ledger that is distributed across a network of computers, allowing for the creation of a permanent and unchangeable record of transactions.

To create an NFT, an artist or creator first creates a digital asset, such as a piece of art, music, or a video. This asset is then tokenized, which means it is assigned a unique digital identifier, often called a “smart contract”, that represents ownership of that specific asset. This smart contract is then recorded on the blockchain, creating an unchangeable record of its ownership and provenance.

Once the NFT is created, it can be bought, sold, and traded like physical assets. When a transaction takes place, the NFT’s smart contract is updated to reflect the new ownership, and this information is recorded on the blockchain.

NFTs can be stored in digital wallets, just like cryptocurrencies, and can be traded on various marketplaces that specialize in NFTs. The value of an NFT can appreciate or depreciate based on demand, just like any other asset.

It’s important to note that the digital asset that the NFT represents, such as a digital artwork, is not stored on the blockchain itself but rather a reference to the location of the digital asset, such as a URL, is stored on the blockchain as part of the smart contract.

What are their use cases? 

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have a wide range of potential use cases, as they can be used to represent ownership and provenance of unique digital assets. The most popular examples for NFTs are:

  • Digital Art: NFTs have become popular in the digital art world, allowing artists to sell their work as one-of-a-kind digital assets. This allows artists to monetize their creations in a new way, and also allows buyers to own a piece of digital art that is truly unique.
  • Gaming: NFTs can be used to represent in-game items such as weapons, armor, and other digital collectibles. Players can own, trade, and sell these items as they would with physical collectibles.
  • Virtual Reality: NFTs can be used to represent ownership of virtual real estate and other unique assets within virtual worlds.
  • Collectibles: NFTs can be used to represent ownership of digital collectibles such as trading cards, sports highlights, and other items that have value to collectors.
  • Music: Musicians can use NFTs to represent ownership of unique tracks, album art, and other digital assets.
  • Video: Film makers and other video creators can use NFTs to represent ownership of their work and also allow others to own a unique piece of it.
  • Identity: NFTs can be used to represent ownership of digital identities, allowing individuals to have more control over their personal data and online presence.
  • Supply Chain Management: NFTs can be used to represent ownership of physical assets such as goods and products, and also used to track them throughout the supply chain, providing transparency and provenance.

These are just a few examples, and as the technology develops, new use cases for NFTs are likely to emerge.

What is the step-wise process of creating NFT?

Creating an NFT (non-fungible token) involves several steps, including creating the digital asset, tokenizing it, and then listing it on a marketplace or platform that specialises in NFTs. Here is a general overview of the process:

  • Create the Digital Asset: The first step in developing an NFT is to develop the digital asset that will be represented by the NFT. This could be a piece of digital art, music, video, or any other type of unique digital content.
  • Tokenize the Asset: Next, you need to tokenize the digital asset. This involves assigning a unique digital identifier, also known as a “smart contract,” to the asset. This smart contract is then recorded on the blockchain, creating an unchangeable record of its ownership and provenance.
  • Create a Digital Wallet: Before listing the NFT, you will need a digital wallet to store it. A digital wallet is a software program that allows you to store and manage NFTs and other digital assets.
  • List the NFT on a Marketplace: Once the NFT is created, you can list it on a marketplace or platform that specializes in NFTs. These marketplaces allow buyers and sellers to trade NFTs, similar to how stock marketplaces allow trading of stocks.
  • Set the price: You can set the price for your NFT, it can be fixed price or auction based.
  • Wait for Sale: Wait for a buyer to purchase your NFT, once it’s sold, you will receive the payment for your NFT and the ownership of the NFT will be transferred to the buyer.

It’s important to note that some platforms allow users to create, mint and sell their own NFTs without the need of any technical knowledge, it’s a user-friendly interface.

It’s also important to note that these are the general steps for creating an NFT, and the specific process may vary depending on the platform or marketplace you choose to use.

How much does it cost to create an NFT and list it on the marketplace?

The cost of creating and listing an NFT (non-fungible token) can vary depending on several factors, including the platform or marketplace you choose to use, the type of digital asset you want to create, and any additional services you may need.

Here are some of the costs to consider:

  • Platform fees: Many platforms that specialize in NFTs will charge a fee to create and list an NFT. These fees can range from a small percentage of the sale price to a flat fee.
  • Gas fees: Creating and listing an NFT also requires paying gas fees, which are the fees required to process the transactions on the blockchain. These fees can vary depending on the blockchain network being used, and can be substantial.
  • Digital wallet fees: Some digital wallets charge a small fee to store and manage NFTs, so it’s important to check the fees of the wallet you choose.
  • Creator’s fee: Creator’s fee is the percentage of the sale price that the creator wants to retain when an NFT is sold.
  • Marketing and Promotion: If you want to promote your NFT, you may need to pay for marketing and promotion.

It’s also worth noting that, if you’re looking to create an NFT on a platform that is free to use, you can expect to pay only the gas fees and the creator’s fee if you choose to retain any. However, when using a platform that charges a percentage as a fee, it may add up to a considerable amount, especially if your NFT sells at a high price.

What are some popular NFT marketplaces?

There are several popular marketplaces for buying and selling NFTs (non-fungible tokens), with new platforms emerging regularly. Here are some of the most popular and well-established marketplaces that are currently active:

  • OpenSea: OpenSea is one of the largest and most popular NFT marketplaces, it allows to buy, sell, and trade a wide range of NFTs including art, collectibles, and in-game items.
  • Rarible: Rarible is a marketplace that specializes in digital art and collectibles, and it’s one of the most active platforms in the digital art world.
  • SuperRare: SuperRare is another marketplace that specializes in digital art, and it’s known for its high-quality content and curated selection of artists.
  • KnownOrigin: KnownOrigin is a marketplace for digital art, it has a wide range of artist and artworks on the platform.
  • Nifty Gateway: Nifty Gateway is a marketplace that specializes in limited-edition drops from artists and celebrities, it’s a good option for those looking for unique and rare NFTs.
  • Sorare: Sorare is a marketplace for digital collectibles and it’s focus on soccer related NFTs.
  • Foundation: Foundation is a marketplace for digital art and collectibles, it has a wide range of artist and artworks on the platform.
  • AsyncArt: AsyncArt is a platform that focuses on generative art and it allows the creation of unique NFTs through the use of code.

These are just a few examples and there are many other platforms and marketplaces available, each with their own unique features and offerings. It’s important to research and compare different platforms to find the one that best suits your needs.

What are some most popular NFTs of all time?

There have been many popular NFTs (non-fungible tokens) sold in recent years, and the value and popularity of NFTs can change rapidly. However, here are some of the most popular and valuable NFTs that have been sold to date:

  • “Everydays: The First 5000 Days” by Beeple: This digital artwork, created by the artist Beeple, sold for $69,346,250 in March 2021, making it the most expensive NFT ever sold.
  • “The Garden of Eden” by Mike Winkelmann: Sold in March 2021, this digital artwork by Mike Winkelmann (Beeple) sold for $69,346,250, it was the second most expensive NFT ever sold.
  • “The CryptoPunk #7804” by Matt Hall and John Watkinson: This 10×10 pixel artwork is one of the first and most popular NFTs in the world, it sold for $69,346,250 in March 2021, it was the third most expensive NFT ever sold.
  • “Last Supper” by Peng: This NFT is a digital artwork depicting the last supper, it sold for $69,346,250 in March 2021, it was the fourth most expensive NFT ever sold.
  • “Shibuya Crossing” by Beeple: This digital artwork by Beeple sold for $6,6 million in January 2021, it’s a popular NFT artwork.
  • “Everydays – The First 5000 Days” by Beeple: It’s a collection of 5,000 unique digital artworks by Beeple, it sold for $6,6 million in March 2021.
  • “The Fungible” by Mad Dog Jones: It’s a digital artwork, it sold for $5,5 million in January 2021, it’s a popular NFT artwork.
  • “The Last Will and Testament of Ross Ulbricht” by Mark Levandowski: It’s a digital artwork, it sold for $5,2 million in January 2021, it’s a popular NFT artwork.

These are just a few examples, and the value and popularity of NFTs can change rapidly, as new NFTs are being sold at very high prices. It’s important to note that these are some of the most popular and valuable NFTs ever sold, the market for NFTs is still a relatively new one and it’s hard to predict what the future holds.

FAQ

What is a NFT used for?

NFTs allow creators and artists to monetize their digital work in new ways by selling their work directly to collectors and fans. NFTs can be bought and sold on various marketplaces and platforms, allowing creators to reach a global audience and receive payment directly. In addition to art and music, NFTs are also being used in gaming and virtual reality, allowing players to own unique in-game items and virtual real estate. NFTs also have potential uses in the legal and financial industries for verifying ownership and authenticity of digital documents and assets. Overall, NFTs provide a way to establish and track ownership of unique digital assets and create new opportunities for creators, collectors, and investors in the digital world.

What is an NFT in crypto?

In the world of cryptocurrencies, an NFT is a digital token that represents ownership of a unique asset. It is built on blockchain technology and is unique to its owner, making it impossible to replicate or exchange for another token. NFTs are often used to represent digital art, music, and other unique digital assets.

What are examples of NFT?

Examples of NFTs include digital art pieces, such as Beeple’s “Everydays: The First 5000 Days,” which sold at auction for $69 million, and the first tweet ever sent by Twitter co-founder Jack Dorsey, which was sold for $2.9 million. In gaming, NFTs can be used to represent unique in-game items, such as skins or weapons, that players can buy and sell on a blockchain-based marketplace.

Difference between NFT and Bitcoin?

NFTs and Bitcoin are two different types of digital assets that serve different purposes. Bitcoin is a fungible digital currency that can be exchanged for other bitcoins, similar to traditional fiat currency. NFTs, on the other hand, are unique and non-interchangeable. While both are built on blockchain technology, Bitcoin’s primary purpose is to serve as a decentralized currency, while NFTs are used to represent ownership or proof of authenticity of unique digital content. In summary, Bitcoin is a fungible digital currency, while NFTs are unique digital assets used to authenticate ownership or proof of authenticity of digital content.

Are NFTs Safe?

NFT also known as Non-fungible tokens use blockchain technology like cryptocurrencies and are generally unhackable. However, the key to your NFT is the weakest link in all blockchains. The software that stores your keys can be hacked, and the devices holding your keys can be lost or damaged. Therefore, the blockchain mantra “not your keys, not your coin” applies to NFTs and cryptocurrencies. Your NFTs are safe as long as you properly secure your keys.

What Does Non-Fungible Mean?

Fungibility refers to the ability of goods to be interchangeable. For instance, if you had three notes with identical smiley faces, tokenizing one of them would make it distinguishable from the other two, making it non-fungible. The other two notes would be indistinguishable, allowing them to be interchanged.

What is the difference between fungible and Non-Fungible? 

Fungible refers to goods or assets that are interchangeable and have equal value, such as currency or commodity. Non-fungible, on the other hand, refers to unique assets that cannot be exchanged for something else because they have unique characteristics or qualities, such as art or collectibles. In simpler terms, fungible assets are replaceable and interchangeable, while non-fungible assets are one-of-a-kind and unique.

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